The day is sponsored by the global initiative
for asthma (GINA
) as an effort to lay emphasis on controlling this
chronic disease, bring about greater co-operation between health care groups
and health care educators and, to provide better care for asthma patients.
Various activities ranging from bill boards and
stickers to music concerts and health fair will be organized all over the world
to spread awareness regarding asthma control and to highlight the steps
involved in managing this chronic condition.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition
affecting the airways or the bronchial tubes that carry air to and from the
People who are affected with asthma are
sensitive to particular irritants
such as allergens, exercise, pollens,
strong fragrance, or even smoke.
Exposure to irritants causes the airways to become inflamed and
constricted, thereby minimizing the quantity of air reaching the lungs.
common symptoms of asthma
include breathlessness, coughing, tightness in
the chest and wheezing particularly in the night or early in the day. When the
symptoms worsen the vital organs are denied their share of oxygen supply and
this leads to an "asthma attack".
usually focus on bringing about
immediate relief; on a long-term basis they help to prevent the onset of
symptoms. Each individual reacts to allergens differently and, as a result,
there is a need to prescribe different doses of various medications to
asthmatic individuals, depending upon their need.
A person's asthma is said to be under control
when his/her symptoms are minimized, when he/she can exercise without breathing
difficulties and when his/her lung function tests are normal.
According to GINA'S global strategy for asthma
management and prevention there are four key steps to control asthma -
Identify and avoid
exposure to risk factors
Diagnose and treat
Also, under GINA's strategy, the dose of the
medications are increased if the person is ill and is gradually decreased once the illness is controlled.
Asthma can be controlled. So just breathe easy..!