Myocardial infarction, commonly known as heart
attack, is one of the most deadly cardiovascular diseases, claiming millions of
lives worldwide, every year.
A recent study confirmed that women are twice as
more likely to suffer intra-hospital mortality due to heart attacks than men.
One in every 9 women develop cardiovascular disease after the age of 45,
researchers say. Cardiovascular ailments particularly affect women going
through menopause, and make them less likely to recover from the illness.
The assumption that only men are affected by
cardiovascular disorders is purely a myth. Women in their pre-menopausal period
do have a plus point that helps protect them from heart disorders. The hormone
estrogen is known to be responsible for helping women protect the heart;
however, on reaching menopause, the lack of estrogen makes women more
susceptible to heart attacks. In India,
heart disease kills twice as many women as all the cancers combined.
The major reason for women being affected by
cardiovascular ailments is their lifestyle. Furthermore, women are more likely
to overlook the symptoms of heart attacks like heartburn, sudden chest pains
and breathing difficulties as minor issues. This is dangerous, considering the
fact that women, having smaller arteries than men, show less severe symptoms
when affected by a heart attack. Another reason why heart attacks often go
undetected in women is due to their high tolerance of pain. Women tend to
ignore symptoms, leading to a delay in diagnosis and therefore treatment.
Women in the menopausal stage need to be extra
careful and watch out for symptoms, even if they are mild. Routine check-ups
need to be done to diagnose the condition at an early stage.