Obesity and body
fat play a significant role in increasing the risk for cardiac ailments.
Atherosclerosis is one such cardiac disease
that is caused due to the deposition of fat in the blood vessels of the heart and is directly proportional to the fat content in the body.
about Obesity and Atherosclerosis
above statistics, it is evident that maintaining a normal weight is essential
to lowering the risk for cardiovascular disease. Another important sequel to
the facts are that if increase in body weight could result in the development
of atherosclerosis, would losing weight aid in improving atherosclerosis?
‘Weight loss is associated with reversal of symptoms of atherosclerosis.’
To understand if
this was true, scientists Kuat Oshakbayev and colleagues studied the influence
of weight loss on the degree of atherosclerosis. They performed the study on 97
people after dividing them into two groups, one group followed a non-drug weight
loss program while the other group was on conventional drugs.
The weight loss
- Calorie intake of 100-150Kcal/day
- Consumption of fat-free vegetables
- Salt diet
- Physical exercises of at least
10,000 steps per day
Out of the 97
patients included in the study, 31 patients were included in the group for
weight loss program. All of them had atherosclerosis, some with familial
history and for as long as 12 years. The patients had significant abdominal fat
and were receiving drugs for the treatment of atherosclerosis prior to the
The other group
under study which was used as the control group continued with their
conventional drug therapy,
- Other symptomatic therapy
The duration of
the study for the group on the drug-free weight loss program
was between 2 to 6 months,
depending upon the physical state of the study patient as well as the stage of the disease. Patients in this group were asked to walk 10,000 steps per day,
which aided in improving blood circulation as well as removing endogen
metabolic toxin. Initially, the patients began to reduce the intake of
conventional drugs 2 to 3 days after starting the weight loss program and
completely stopped taking the drugs 7 to 10 days on.
Group Reactions to the Weight Loss Program
There were a
series of emotional and physical roadblocks that the study group faced and had
to overcome in order to taste the benefits of the program. Such emotional
upheavals would similarly be met by a more general population undertaking
physical regimens to lose weight. Recognition of this aspect of a weight loss program should be highlighted to help people
understand that it is completely normal to feel like it is a huge struggle
initially, but it becomes less intense over time and effort.
1. During the
first couple of days, study group patients complained of:
- Fear due to changed diets
- Feeling of weakness
- Abdominal and lower extremities
- Extreme hunger pangs
- Mild dizziness
2. On the 3 - 5
day after the start of the program, urine turned turbid and muddy due to
urates, carbonates of calcium and magnesium.
3. 4 to 10 days
after the start of the program, there was an increase in:
- Body temperature
- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
- Leukocyte rate in blood
4. 7 to 10 days after starting the weight
loss program, the study patient completely quits consumption of drugs meant for
5. The symptoms
of atherosclerosis began to lower as the weight loss program progressed:
- Blood flow to extremities improved
- Angina pectoris was absent
- Systolic output was increased
- There was a reduction in mental fatigue as well as an improvement in memory among patients with cerebral stroke and Alzheimer's
- Tolerance to exercise improved
The study patients who were part of the
weight loss group lost considerable weight which resulted in the reversal of
symptoms of atherosclerosis. Patients who were successful in maintaining their
weight were tested a year later and still showed no signs of atherosclerosis.
However, patients who regained weight began to show signs of atherosclerosis,
which were reversed when they lost weight again.
study is an important milestone in determining the effect of weight loss on
atherosclerosis. It lays stress on maintaining an ideal weight which is of
prime importance in thefast food world, where exercise
is ignored, and consumption of high-fat food
attracts greater risk for cardiovascular diseases.
Fat that is not
utilized by the body is stored and as the body cannot store all the fat that is
consumed endlessly, it leads to toxic situations where symptoms of
cardiovascular disease arise.
weight loss program, according to the study, should factor in a good exercise
regimen as well as a balanced diet for good health. People with cardiovascular disease should be
encouraged to exercise
to reduce their risk.
highlights of the program are
- Low-fat diet to restrict intake of
excessive fats that the body will not require
- When fats are stored for a long
time in the body, it leads to aging of fat. Physical exercise to break
down the "old stored fat"
- Loss of fatty mass and not lean
- The adipose tissue stores organic
pollutants, when the fat is broken down, endogenic metabolic toxins are
released. This can lead to some adverse effects during the first few days
of beginning the program.
One of the most critical factors of evolution
was the ability to store fat to help tide over periods of starvation. However,
with the advent of cooking, the necessity to store fat for long periods becomes
unnecessary. On the other hand, excessive storage of fat lays additional stress
on blood vessels as their sizes are reduced with obstruction of flow. The body
as a defense mechanism leads to hypertension
, allergy or hyperthermia. Such diseases are natural progressions of excess fat in the body, therefore weight loss is conclusively the key to good health for overweight people