Winter always brings along the
chills and the flu, make sure you're safe this season. Read on to know the
basics of 'swine flu' and how you can protect yourself from this threat.
Also known as
H1N1 flu, swine flu is a widespread disease affecting people around the globe.
Often difficult to distinguish from seasonal influenza, this flu may spread
easily through contact with infected people. Some of the cases are due to a
virus that contains a mix of genes from the swine, bird and human flu viruses.
Modes of transmission:
People having extensive exposure to pigs and
poultry are much more at the risk of catching swine flu. Swine flu commonly
spreads through the air when the affected person coughs or sneezes. Therefore, close contact with infected
people should be avoided as far as possible.
Symptoms of swine flu are similar to that of a
normal flu like runny nose, cough, fever, nausea, dizziness and weakness.
People affected with swine flu have also reported diarrhea and other stomach
Left untreated, this flu can
develop serious health complications like pneumonia, electrolyte imbalance,
kidney failure and respiratory failure, and sometimes even death.
Some preventive measures that help keep
oneself free from swine flu are listed below:
distance from people who show influenza-like symptoms, particularly sneezing
hands, feet and face once you return home and before having your meals.
touching your eyes, mouth and nose as much as possible.
amount of time you spend in crowded areas. If there's an epidemic of swine flu
going on, wear a face mask.
good habits like adequate sleep, eat healthy and nutritious foods and stay
Keep your windows wide open to promote circulation
of fresh air at all times.