The winter wind brings along a few chills and a
long queue outside the doctor's clinic. Seasonal changes do affect humans in
many ways, altering physiological functions and immunity, making you
susceptible to some seasonal diseases. This season, with flu still at large, it
is important to make sure you are miles away from catching it. Read on to know
how easily preventable it is.
Influenza, commonly known as flu, is a viral
infection of the respiratory tract. It is often mistaken for gastroenteritis or
stomach flu, and common cold, due to similar symptoms. However, influenza is a
much severe illness as opposed to common cold and stomach flu. Left untreated,
it can induce pneumonia and other severe complications. It is, therefore,
important to diagnose this infection as early as possible, especially among
immunocompromised individuals, children and the elderly.
normally presents with the following signs and symptoms.
Fever (in severe
cases, accompanied by shivering and chills)
Abdominal pain (mostly
observed in children)
General weakness and
Redness of the eye
on the go:
below are a few preventive measures to be undertaken during an epidemic of flu.
is well-known that nicotine has innumerable harmful effects on the human body.
During an epidemic of influenza, it is even more necessary to control smoking
as it tends to increase the risk of catching flu, and produce more severe
is the first step of prevention against almost all diseases. Living in a clean
and healthy environment means you'll be under the attack of a much less number
of infectious agents. When in a public place, make sure you carry a sanitizer
with you and wear a face mask or cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief
whenever you must. Wash your hands and feet before and after meals, and boil
water before drinking.
under the high risk groups such as children and the aged, need to be vaccinated
with an influenza vaccine, especially during an outbreak of flu, to establish
maximum protection against the infection. People suffering from cardiovascular
and respiratory ailments, and immunocompromised individuals should also
consider getting vaccinated.
environment is also important in the prevention of influenza. Dust your
furniture regularly and use liquid sanitizers regularly at home.
treatment makes for a better, healthier you. Visit a physician as soon as you
identify the symptoms and get started with the treatment.
immune system requires energy to help fight against the infection. Give it the
energy by lying down under a warm blanket. Most physicians will suggest bed
rest for around 3-4 days, depending on your symptoms.
congested nose will do anything but better your health. Sniffing the mucus back
inside will only clog up your nasal tract. Blowing your nose actually helps
clean the nasal tract, and creates a not-so-hospitable environment for the flu
virus to breed in.
Gargling with warm water
can work wonders in reducing the soreness of your throat, thereby reducing
cough. Adding salt and turmeric powder to the water will magically reduce
infection and can be used in cases of common cold as well.
Take a hot
hot shower will make you feel fresh and reduce fever. If you're dizzy from the
flu, sit on a chair and take a warm sponge bath.
liquids like coffee, tea and even soups loosen up the cough and mucus, easing
up its way outside. They also help soothe the inflamed lining of the
respiratory tract and prevent dehydration associated with the flu.
and rubs are now easily available. Apply them on your nose and chest before
sleeping or add it in your steam water.
Your physician will probably suggest an
antiviral or a neuraminidase inhibitor to reduce the severity of symptoms and
stop the viral infection from getting worse.