ten-week lifestyle modification program that focuses on high fiber diet can
reduce diabetes and heart problems in overweight adults, according to a
Brazilian research published in the journal Diabetology & Metabolic
Obesity and cases of overweight individuals
has been on a steep rise especially amongst the urban population both in the
developed as well as the developing nations. Metabolic syndrome has been
identified as both the cause and effect of obesity in India as well the west.
Altough Americans have a higher BMI in
general, indicators of metabolic syndrome are more prevalent amongst Indians
even at a lower BMI. This is because of the higher concentrations of body fat
content in the Indian population. The basic indicators of metabolic syndrome
include abdominal obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia (high levels of triglycerides in
the blood stream), low HDL concentration and inflammation.
In order to control the epidemic of diabetes
and heart problems caused by obesity, there is an urgent call for simpler and
executable lifestyle modifications amongst the urban population. A simple
lifestyle-change program is more likely to ensure a higher compliance rate thus
resulting in better outcomes and control of obesity.
As part of the ongoing research for such
programs, researchers from Brazil recently examined a 10-week lifestyle change
program aimed at reducing the indicators of metabolic syndrome. The program
focused on a high-fiber diet and increased physical activity to reduce the
overall factors contributing to metabolic-syndrome.
This pilot study included 22 patients assigned
to the general education group and 28 in the high-fiber nutrition group.
Dietary counseling and supervised exercise was introduced to both the groups
but only the study group (the second group) was introduced to high-fiber
Physical activity amongst these groups
included a minimum of three times per week of an 80-minute workout session.
This comprised of warm-up, cardio, stretching and strength-training exercises.
Dietary, physical, anthropometric and
cardiovascular parameters were noted at the beginning and end of the study.
The researchers noted that the study group
which included a higher dietary fiber intake in the form of fruits and
vegetables showed a 24 percent reduction of metabolic syndrome indicators.
Additionally, this group also exhibited an
overall reduction in the body fat percentage (4 percent), waist circumference
(7 percent) and cases of class II and class III obesity.
The researchers concluded that short term lifestyle change program that
included a high-fiber diet led to reduction in the incidence of metabolic
syndrome in obese people.
Reference: Mecca, M. S., et al.
Ten-week lifestyle changing program reduces several indicators for metabolic
syndrome in overweight adults. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2012.