recently released National Health Profile 2013 shows that despite improvements,
India's health care infrastructure is insufficient to meet the rising health needs
of the population.
are some of the salient features of the National Health Profile 2013 that was
recently released by the Health Minister of India:
The changing patterns of
lifestyle and increasing stress of a region are often reflected in the number
cases. Unfortunately, the number of cases with coronary artery
is set to increase to 6.1 crore by 2015. Another lifestyle disease, diabetes
also set to increase to 4.6 crore cases by the same year.
The number of cancer
cases is also
likely to increase in the next six years.
It is estimated that the total number of cancer cases will increase by
around 21 percent by 2020. The cancer
cases that may increase are mouth, prostate
gallbladder and lung
cancers, and breast
, cervical and ovarian
is very low in some states like Kerala and is
unfortunately high in states like Assam, Meghalaya and Rajasthan, which
reflects the variability in health resources in different parts of the
country. The overall infant mortality
rate has shown a slight decrease over the past few years.
Given the current and
growing health concerns, it raises the question - do we have adequate
infrastructure to deal with the rising problem? Sadly, the answer is negative. A huge disparity is present between
the available doctors
the general population. Current
information suggests that there is one doctor for every 1217 patients. This is
in sharp contrast with the global ratio of one doctor for every 719 patients.
Primary health centers have around 29,500 doctors.
Maharashtra, Karnataka and
Tamil Nadu have the most number of doctors, while Goa, Sikkim and Arunachal
Pradesh have the least. This can be
explained in part by the relative size of the states and the number of medical colleges
Thus, though there has been
an improvement in health infrastructure, it may not be enough to meet the
rising demands. Therefore, policy
makers do have a hard task before them, to ensure that each person has adequate
access to preventive and curative treatments.