- Packed with vitamins, minerals, fiber and protein, almonds offer a host of health benefits.
- Almonds are high-fat foods that are good for your heart.
- A recent study shows that almonds cause a significant reduction not only in total cholesterol, but also LDL cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides.
Past studies have associated almonds to cause a significant reduction in risk of heart disease.
‘Munch on a handful of almonds if you are concerned about your heart health!!!!’
AdvertisementA recent systematic review and meta-analysis, conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA), demonstrates that eating almonds cause a significant reduction in total cholesterol, LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol or "bad" cholesterol and triglycerides, however, has no effect on HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol or "good" cholesterol levels. It also reveals that almonds could cause a substantial improvement in lipid levels at a dose of 45g/day.
Lead study author, Dr. Kathy Musa-Veloso, who is a Director of Health Claims and Clinical Trials at Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, and her associates analyzed 18 published randomized controlled trials, which had a total of 837 participants across all the studies. The results of this study are published in the Journal of Nutritional Science.
- Results from all studies revealed the reduction in total cholesterol to be 0.153 mmol/L (5.92 mg/dL). However, when the dose of almonds consumed was at least 45 g/day (~1.5 oz/day), the reduction in total cholesterol was found to be 0.212 mmol/L (8.20 mg/dL). Thus the effect of almond on total cholesterol was found to be dose-dependent, the larger the intake of almond, the greater was the reduction in total cholesterol.
- When studies were analyzed in which patients had elevated total cholesterol levels (at baseline), the reduction in total cholesterol was found to be 0.271 mmol/L (10.48 mg/dL), suggesting that the effects of almonds on total cholesterol levels were quite significant in these subjects.
- When data from all of the studies were pooled, the reduction in LDL-C was reported to be 0.124 mmol/L (4.80 mg/dL).
- When the studies in which the total dose of almonds consumed were at least 45 g (~1.5 oz), the LDL-C reductions were reported to be 0.132 mmol/L (5.10 mg/dL).
- However, the analysis of studies in which the subjects had elevated LDL-C levels at baseline, the reduction was reported to be 0.158 mmol/L (6.11 mg/dL).
- The authors noted that three studies demonstrated significant reductions in body weight in almond intervention group as compared to the control group.
- One such study is a 6 weeks trial by Berryman et al, which revealed a significant reduction in body weight, waist circumference and body composition (including abdominal fat mass) for patients on almond diet when compared to patients on a control diet.
- Another study conducted by Novotny et al. in 2012, showed that not all of the energy in almonds is actually metabolizable and it is important to maintain a healthy weight, along with consumption of a healthy diet to help promote heart health.