- A research team from Leiden University Medical Center has identified that an increase in
global temperature affects risk for diabetes.
- Every 1°C rise in temperature increases diabetes incidence by 0.314/ 1,000 and glucose
intolerance incidence by 0.17%.
- A healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle should be followed to lower
risk for diabetes.
are many risk factors for diabetes
been determined through various studies, including genetic influences and
lifestyle factors; however, a research team from Leiden University Medical Center
has found that rising temperatures
across the world could contribute to the growing numbers of people with
diabetes. The study that was published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
significant influence of global warming on health.
incidence of diabetes continues to rise:
- 415 million
adults were diagnosed with diabetes in 2015
- 642 million
adults are expected to be diagnosed with diabetes in 2040
brown fat stored in the human body functions to transfer energy from food into
heat. Studies that were conducted earlier have shown that in cold temperatures,
the brown adipose
(BAT) is stimulated, resulting in moderate loss in weight.
Reduction in temperature also improved insulin sensitivity of the individual,
with the individual being less likely to develop diabetes
‘People living in hot climate should undertake precautionary steps to lower risk of diabetes.’
Patrick Rensen and his team from the Leiden University Medical Center, studied
the effect of increase in global temperature on the incidence of type 2
diabetes, associated with BAT activity and reduced glucose metabolism. The
scientists wanted to determine the link between rise in outdoor temperature and
incidence of diabetes and glucose intolerance, on a country wide as well as on
a global scale.
Study data on
Diabetes Incidence, Fasting Blood Glucose, Obesity and Average Annual
- Data that was
available via the National Diabetes
Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) was utilized. Adults from across 50 states in the USA, between the
years 1996 to 2009 were scrutinized for diabetes incidence.
- A country-wise
prevalence data system that included fasting blood glucose and obesity
spread across 190 countries was available from the Global Health Observatory online data repository system of the
World Health Organization.
- The scientists
used information available with the Climatic
Research Unit at the University
of East Anglia in the UK to obtain the average annual temperature of
Association between Global Rise
in Temperature and Diabetes
- For every 1°C rise in temperature, the
incidence of diabetes increases by 0.314
- Incidence of
glucose intolerance increased by 0.17%
for every 1°C rise in
- The association
between temperature rise and diabetes incidence was not impacted by obesity.
study and its findings show a marked association between the rise in global
temperature and the incidence of diabetes along with increase in the incidence
of glucose intolerance. These findings show that
- Every 1°C rise in
outdoor temperature could result in 100,000
new diabetes cases every year in a country like USA with a population
of 322 million.
level association study was also carried out by the research team which found
that inter country differences, like sex, age, income and obesity, did not
affect the incidence levels determined globally.
This is a
condition in which there are high levels of blood glucose. Glucose is derived
from the food consumed and the hormone insulin plays a critical role in maintaining
glucose levels in the body.
- Type 1 diabetes
occurs because the body does not make sufficient insulin to break down
- Type 2 diabetes
is the most common type and occurs when the body is unable to utilize the
insulin that is produced.
- In pre-diabetes,
blood sugar is higher than normal levels but is not elevated enough to be
called diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at an increased risk for
women with improper insulin utilization could be affected with gestational diabetes.
diabetes should keep their glucose levels under check as increased exposure to
glucose in the blood can lead to serious health issues like
- Damage to the
- Kidney damage
- Damage to the
- Increase risk for
heart disease and stroke.
current study that has highlighted the increase risk for diabetes will compound
the already rising numbers of diabetics across the world. Without proper care,
diabetes can lead to many complications and can pose a serious health hazard.
While arresting rise in global temperatures is necessary, there should be an
increased awareness about the risk that diabetes poses. Additional care and
precautionary measures should be taken to limit the risk, and to lead a disease
- Diabetes - (https:medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html)