- Disability is a condition that
restricts normal functioning but can be overcome to a certain extent with
appropriate rehabilitative measures.
- Disability can occur at any stage
- A conscious effort is required
towards preventing conditions resulting in disabilities and providing a
Paralympics Rio 2016, came the recognition of the 19 paralympians who made
India proud, bagging four medals, two gold, one silver and bronze.
Determination, hard work and support from the well wishers play a huge role in
an international sports event second to the Olympics that embraces the
differently abled athletes, setting a competitive stage to celebrate their
spirit and test abilities.
‘“My advice to other disabled people would be, concentrate on things your disability doesn’t prevent you doing well, and don’t regret the things it interferes with. Don’t be disabled in spirit as well as physically.” - Stephen Hawking’
the differently abled constitute 15% of the world population, which is more
than 1 billion.
These figures are only going to see
an increase in the future with the rise in aging population and chronic health
disorders that are increasing in prevalence like
diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, among others.
be defined as a consequence of an insult that is physical, mental, social or
psychological that causes a restriction in the normal functioning of the
person. This often results in the individual being ostracized due to their
types of disability include:
More than one
type of loco-motor disability is considered as multiple disabilities.
Disability, is not a choice but a human condition that will catch up with every
individual at some point of time. The disability may be
temporary in nature or permanent. Some disabilities are present due to impairments at birth, while other people become disabled due to
an impairment occurring later in life as a result of accidents, disease
conditions or age.
disabilities (0-14 years) have been measured only in the Global Burden of
Disease and it was found that 5.1% that is 95 million children are disabled,
with severe disability in 13 million of these children.
birth are preventable in most of the cases.
The main causes
responsible for disabilities in children include:
In India, disability has been estimated at 1.67% in the 0-19 year
- Infections in expecting mother
- Nutritional deficiencies in the mother and the
- Genetic anomalies that go
undetected during pregnancy
- Early or late motherhood
- Inadequate health facilities to
provide maternal care
- Domestic violence
- Injuries to children
and 35.29% of all people living with
disabilities are children. One third of most of these disabilities are due to
preventable causes. And only 1% of these disabled
children have access to schools.
Disability is seen existing at a higher prevalence in lower socio-economic conditions, uneducated, unemployed and aged
individuals, which constitute the vulnerable population. A
disability may slow down an individual from the normal functioning pace,
however it does not require being the reason for the
restricted life that he/she leads. Disability is often taken synonymous with
disadvantage, however not all disabilities are
restrictive. The restriction that is applied on them is often due to the
stereotypical attitude of the society to a disabled.
There are many barriers that exist in the society and the
environment that require change towards a rehabilitative nature to the
The barriers are:
- Lack of policies to protect and
promote rehabilitative opportunities for the differently abled, and
also failure to enforce existing policies.
- Neglected and negative attitude
exists in education, work and social institutions that restrict even those
without a disadvantage. This results in poorer health.
- Lack of services with innovative
and affordable technology in health care, assistance and rehabilitative
support to the differently abled.
- There is a lack of accessibility
to the services and an environment that restricts the free movement of the
differently abled and there is a lack of information on the existing
services to the people in need.
- Insufficient funds to provide a
continued support and services to the differently abled.
- There is a lack of community based
studies on the disability situation in the country (India) and intervention studies that would benefit this vulnerable
- Decision making and social
participation are restricted in the differently abled and there exists an
indifference to their choices.
Addressing these incapacitating barriers
requires an organized movement and community based approach towards changing
the attitude of the society from a restrictive to an enabling and supportive
behavior. Policy changes and enforcement will turn the disadvantages to
opportunities that would improve the productivity and economic independence of
the differently abled. Training and appropriate technology will improve the
confidence and social participation.
not only aim at improving the present situation and environment of the
differently abled but will also lead to an overall development of the society
and put away the fear of survival in an event of disability in the future.
- What is a Disability? - (http://hcdg.org/definition.htm)
- Children With Disabilities - (http://www.childlineindia.org.in/children-with-disabilities.htm)