mathematicians are more likely to have autistic-like traits than less technical
professions, says a new study. According to the study, such characteristics
make them far better at logical thinking and seeing the bigger picture. The
study also confirmed that men in the category tend to be more autistic than
involved nearly 500,000 people. Researchers tested these participants for
autistic-like traits and found those working in STEM professions (science,
technology, engineering or mathematics) have more autistic traits.
‘Individuals involved in a STEM-related profession had an average autism spectrum quotient score of 21.9 compared to a score of 18.9 for people taking part in other jobs. In an earlier study, the University of Cambridge scientists said that both Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton were autistic.’
identified in STEM professionals are
not the same as having a diagnosis of autism
; instead, these are characteristics that are found throughout the general population and are connected to what is usually seen in the clinical condition of autism.
Every person has
some autistic traits - such as difficulty in understanding another person's
point of view and difficulty in switching attention flexibly - and there is a
wide range in the population. The scientists at the University of Cambridge
developed a questionnaire called the
Autism Spectrum Quotient, or AQ way to measure these traits.
questionnaire comprised 50 questions, each one representing one autistic trait.
They found that
individuals involved in a STEM-related profession had an average AQ score of
21.9 compared with a score of 18.9 for people taking part of non-STEM jobs. In
a previous study, the University scientists said that both Albert Einstein and
Isaac Newton were autistic.
also backed up previous results proving men are more likely to be higher on the
autism spectrum than women. Professor Simon Baron-Cohen at the Autism Research
Center at the University of Cambridge said: "Previous studies have found
the number of autistic traits a person has is influenced by both genetic
factors and prenatal testosterone levels
. These may shed light on why we find males in the population on average have slightly more autistic
traits than females do, and why fathers and grandfathers of children with
are over-represented in STEM fields," said Professor Simon Baron-Cohen at the Autism Research Center at the University.
The research was
carried out by Channel 4 for the program Embarrassing
Bodies: Live from the Clinic.
Emily Ruzich, a Ph.D. student at the Cambridge,
observed that the study provided clear confirmation that autistic traits are
sex-linked and STEM-linked, and this will spark further research into why these
connections are seen.
Allison, another member of the University, commented: "The Autism Spectrum
Quotient (AQ) is a valuable research instrument, and AQ scores correlate with
brain structure, brain function, social perception, and attention to detail,
among other things. But it is important to underline that it is not diagnostic.
A high score alone is not a reason to seek help: it is only if the high number
of autistic traits is causing stress and difficulties that a person may need
referral to a specialist clinic."
Autism is a
complex condition that affects people in different ways. Both men and women
show the signs of the neurodevelopmental disorder
differently and don't always share the same interests and challenges. It's important to mention that the Autism Spectrum Quotient
questionnaire is a research tool and not a diagnostic test.
The study was
published in PLOS One
Einstein and Newton Had Autism
Scientists believe both scientists showed signs of Asperger's Syndrome
, a form of an autism spectrum
researchers admit that it is impossible to make a definite diagnosis for
someone who is no longer living, they said that the study could shed light on why
some individuals with autism excel in life while others struggle.
Baron-Cohen from the Cambridge assessed the personality traits of Newton and
Einstein to see if they exhibited key symptoms of Asperger syndrome.
like a classic case. He hardly spoke, was so involved in his work, and he often
forgot to eat and was lukewarm with few friends he had.
preferred not to associate with others and as a child, he often repeated
sentences obsessively until he was seven years old. He was also known for his
notoriously confusing lectures.
Elliott, a psychiatrist at the University of California
in San Francisco, was not convinced with the study. He
said that trying to diagnose by biographical
information was extremely unreliable. Elliott said that being highly
intelligent would itself have developed Newton and Einstein's personalities.
Emily Ruzich, Carrie Allison, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Paula Smith, Henry Musto,
Howard Ring, Simon Baron-CohenDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141229