hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as a common childhood ailment that can
extend into adulthood as well.
ADHD is a
neurobehavioral and psychiatry disorder accompanied with criminal and impulsive
The scientists from
the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, have discovered that patients
undergoing ADHD treatment have less chances of exhibiting criminal tendencies.
For the study, the
scientists culled Swedish health records from 25,656 volunteers, mainly men
relevant information pertaining to pharmacologic treatment followed by criminal
convictions during 2006 to 2009 in Sweden.
that ADHD patients seeking non-stimulants or stimulant medications to cure the
situation had less chances of committing crimes in contrast to those not taking
The scientists observed that males undergoing ADHD treatment
had 32 percent less likelihood for criminal conviction while women had 41
percent less chances for being convicted for criminal act in comparison to
people not seeking any ADHD medication
The researchers noted,
'Patients who took medications and stayed off them for not more than 6 months
were 12 percent more likely to commit crimes (in) non-treatment phases.'
Lichtenstein of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, "There is some
evidence to suggest that while on medication, a person with ADHD is less likely
to get involved in criminal behavior. They may be less impulsive, or perhaps
they are better organized in their life. Some may have poor judgment when they
are not taking medicine to control their symptoms."
added, "The most probable interpretation would be that medication reduces
symptoms like impulsiveness, and that would be similar regardless of country or
concluded that ADHD treatment facilitates better organization of 'their lives
or contributes to enduring changes at the neuronal level'.
highlighted that the expected rates of criminal behavior was quite low in
periods when ADHD patients were under treatment. The research findings
established the importance of use of medication in mitigating the risk of
criminal attitude and behavior among ADHD patients.
The research was
financially supported by the Swedish Research Council and others.
Medication for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity
Disorder and Criminality; Paul Lichtenstein et al; N Engl J Med 2012;