According to WHO
estimates, around 84 million people
are likely to die of cancer between
2005-2015 if they are denied treatment for the disease.
The poor and the
are more burdened by cancer than the developed
countries and, therefore, it is important to address this ever-increasing
World Cancer Day- Beginning
World Cancer day began as a part of the World Cancer Campaign
, which is in response to the Charter of Paris
that was adopted for the New Millennium at the World Summit Against Cancer
on February 4, 2000.
The charter called for a concerted effort between
governments, scientists, health-care professionals, patients, pharma industries
and the media to fight cancer.
Each year on 4 February, the UN's health authority, WHO
, supports a united
effort to ease the global cancer
burden by promoting ways to
spread awareness on early detection, treatment, risk reduction and
prevention of cancer. A lot of effort is
taken to improve the quality of life for
On this day WHO, along with International Union against Cancer
, world governments, NGOs, business people, health
care professionals and celebrities participate in discussions
on cancer to increase awareness
among the general public on matters
related to the disease.
Nation wide campaigns
are held and fund-raising events are organized to inform the general public
on risk reduction in cancer.
2011 - Motto &
The motto for the year 2011 is "Teaching Children and Teenagers to limit their sun exposure by
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world.
Skin cancers are largely brought on by overexposure
to the sun's harmful UV rays
. It can also be brought on by sun lamps and
The sun burn
a person acquires can take more than two decades to transform into a
Skin cancers are more prevalent than before, what with
increasing number of people, particularly the young, taking to sun tanning and
sun- bathing to get a tanned look, which is in vogue.
Skin cancer is
and there is a need to advise those at risks, to avoid excessive
exposure to the harmful rays of the sun.
This year the World Cancer Day is even more significant as
the UN Summit on Non Communicable
(NCDs) is taking place this year.
The World Cancer Declaration focuses on bringing the
attention of world leaders and health policymakers to the growing cancer
crisis and reduce the
burden globally by 2020.
The targets by 2020
• Reduce tobacco and
• Reducing obesity
• Hepatitis B and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccination
programmes all over the world for and to prevent liver and cervical cancer
• Reducing emigration of health care providers
with special cancer training
• Ensuring the global availability of pain medication
• Dispelling misconceptions
related to cancer.
Each one of us can sign
the World Cancer Declaration and help towards the global cancer cause.
Cancer Prevention -
Almost 30-40% of
cancers can potentially be prevented or the risks reduced
. Here are a few
easy tips -
• Those who fall in the risk groups, such as those who are
above a certain age or those with a familial history, must go for periodical screening
• Ensure vaccination
against HBV and HPV
• Avoid over exposure
to the sun
; apply a sunscreen when
outdoors and protect yourself with appropriate accessories like a broad
-brimmed hat and sunglasses
• Eat plenty of fruits
and fresh green vegetables
• Indulge in moderate exercises
or go for regular walks
• Monitor your weight -avoid
• Learn how to do
for early diagnosis of cancers such as breast and testis.