About World Osteoporosis Day
World Osteoporosis Day
is annually observed
all over the world on the 20th
Through the theme "Love Your Bones" the message conveyed is
that to attain unbreakable bones one needs to resort to the following three
steps - vitamin D, calcium-rich foods and exercise.
World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) spearheaded by the International Osteoporosis
Foundation (IOF), launches a round- the -year campaign committed to raising
the global awareness on the
diagnosis, treatment and prevention of osteoporosis.
Typically, WOD involves the
participation of osteoporosis patients, their health care providers,
support groups and societies from around the world. WOD activities are recorded
in over 90 countries.
Osteoporosis is more common
among the women population but the incidence is rising among the men too.
Changing lifestyles, lack of exercise and poor dietary habits are the main
Osteoporosis is poised to become
the next huge health crisis in India after diabetes. There are 36
million Indians expected to be affected by osteoporosis in the year 2013.The
number of cases have doubled in the last decade and one in three women in urban
India, above the age of 45 years, has osteoporosis.
Staying indoors and lack of
sunlight exposure due to working in air-conditioned offices has
resulted in increase in prevalence of osteoporosis even in tropical countries.
What is osteoporosis?
In osteoporosis the bony architectural
framework is disrupted and weakened making the bones more prone to fractures. Calcium is the major component of bone that
gives it the strength and low calcium levels can lead to osteoporosis. In
osteoporosis there is low bone density and this is measured by a DEXA scan.
It is a "silent disease" and its presence is
often made known after the patient has suffered an injury from a fall and
sustained a fracture of the bone.
Even small injuries or a minor fall can cause bone fractures in those with
osteoporosis as their bones are very fragile. Spinal and hip fractures
are common complications of osteoporosis. It occurs more frequently in
individuals over the age of fifty. Typically, it occurs in women more than in
Age, family history, smoking, alcohol consumption, low
calcium - vitamin D diet and certain medications are the common risk factors
of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is also very common in menopausal women
whose estrogen content is vastly reduced.
The disease is diagnosed using X-ray or the DEXA scan.
Osteoporosis is treatable with medications. Treatment is
often aimed at stopping bone tissue loss and preventing further damage. Anti-resorptive
medications that prevent bone tissue loss are the latest among the
The disease can also be effectively managed with lifestyle
changes. 30 minutes of sunshine daily along with a balanced diet containing
calcium and vitamin D in adequate measures can help prevent
Osteoporosis. The sunlight helps convert the inactive vitamin to active vitamin
D and this is essential for absorption and utilization of calcium by the body.
Osteoporosis is often thought to be the condition of the
fragile, the elderly and the frail .In reality, the disease sets in much early
in life and the peak bone density is reached during age 25.
In those who are already fragile, hip protective
devices are employed to prevent fractures.
Regular exercising, abstinence from smoking and
alcohol are other very effective methods of preventing osteoporosis.
So what are you waiting for? Go ahead and start loving your