Lifestyle changes are part of the changing global scenario. A lot of discussion is taking place on modified lifestyles and dietary patterns and their impact on the health.
Cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) including lipidemia (presence of excess fat), high blood pressure (BP) impaired glucose tolerance(IGT) and obesity are closely linked to insulin resistance (IR).
AdvertisementAll these factors collectively make-up the metabolic syndrome (MS) , which is a combination of risk factors that make a person more prone to conditions such as cardiovascular diseases or diabetes. This condition is closely linked to dietary habits and life style, including physical activity, smoking and alcohol intake.
Cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) have increasingly been on the rise in Japanese men . The present study was undertaken to analyze the link between lifestyle habits and the number of CMRF in Japanese male workers and also to discover preventive measures to check these risk factors.
About 3458 male and 763 women workers (totally 4261 participants) from Japan between the ages of 19 to 69 years were studied. The lifestyle and the dietary patterns of the workers were acquired through questionnaires. Participation of the subjects was voluntary. Later, female participants were excluded as only 20%of them could be classified as "drinkers" and alcohol consumption was an important criteria to assess CMRF.
It has been understood through the study that age, alcohol consumption and the amount of calories taken, including the protein intake, were directly related to the number of CMRF, while the physical activity of a person was inversely related to CMRF. The frequency of alcohol intake though could be more but overall the amount consumed should be moderate and this was found to lower the number of CMRF. In other words, if you were a moderate consumer of alcohol, then it is recommended that you increase the frequency with which it is consumed.
This study revealed that a "high protein diet" had a direct effect on cardiometabolic risk factors. This result is a revelation, especially in the light of a ubiquitous promotion of low "carb", high -protein diet for weight reduction and overall health. Ultimately, it is the amount of energy that counts!
The study recommends the following: Engage in high physical activity, reduce intake of total energy intake and avoid intake of a large amount of alcohol at a time. This regime is likely to reduce the risk of developing heart diseases or metabolic disorders during one's lifetime!
"Relationships between dietary and other lifestyle habits and cardio muscular risk factors in men" Sayuri Katano,Yasuyuki Nakamura,Nagako Okuda et al. Diabetology and Metabolic syndrome -2011 ,3:30