The link between delinquency (criminal offence,
unlawful act) in the later years of life and a childhood history of conduct
disorder and ADHD has been a topic of debate for a long time in the scientific
disorder is a group of behavioral and emotional problems where a child's
behavior is aggressive and antisocial or
in simpler words, his "conduct" with people around is not in the limits that
can be socially accepted.
other hand, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic problem
of nervous system characterized by inappropriate functioning in the areas of
attention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness
. In simpler words, the child's
functioning does not match with that of his peers.
Marianne Mordre and a team of other Norwegian
researchers investigated to find out if there is a genuine association between
the impact of attention (ADHD) and conduct disorder on delinquency later in
life. For the study, 541 patients were followed up for a mean of 30 years after
On compiling the collected data, investigators
concluded that the conduct disorder in childhood does appear to have a strong
link with later delinquency, alone as well as in combination with
hyperactivity. As a startling outcome, criminal misdeed was found to be less
interlinked when combined specifically with the hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Authors reported that, "Seemingly, results of the study
make it possible even at an early age to identify children with a higher risk
of developing delinquency."
As a concluding note, the report states that conduct disorder seems to be most strongly
linked with criminality in adulthood. Interestingly however, children with ADHD
minus conduct disorder were not at a higher risk of delinquency in the later
years of life.
Therefore, the finding strengthens the assumption
that there is no direct association between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD) in the childhood and criminal behavior later in life.