The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) has made a study that reveals when 18-26 age group are carved out of existing professional guidelines across specialty groups, there are a broad number of evidence-based recommendations that can inform the care of young adults.
The transition from adolescence to young adulthood can be a challenge with high rates of mental health problems, substance abuse and sexually transmitted infections.
Because these health problems are largely preventable, primary care visits can present a key opportunity to improve the health of young adults, with evidence supporting the efficacy of preventive services. But this group also is the least likely to be insured, seek outpatient care or have a primary care physician.
The research team conducted a careful analysis of existing guidelines for adolescents and adults and identified preventive care guidelines relevant to young adults.
The expansion of health insurance to young adults up to the age of 26 years through the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) creates an urgent need for specific guidelines for young adult preventive care.
Approximately 2.5 million young adults had health insurance compared to the 1st quarter of 2011, as per the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).