Synthetic marijuana products are made with psychoactive chemicals that are sprayed onto plant material, which is then smoked or ingested. They are known by names such as spice, K2, black mamba, and crazy clown, and are sold in retail stores and online. Deaths from using synthetic marijuana have tripled so far in 2015 and the number of emergency calls to US poison centers have soared, revealed officials.
The most common symptoms the callers reported to poison control centers were agitation, fast heart rate, drowsiness or lethargy, vomiting and confusion. From January until May, 2015, 15 people were reported dead from synthetic cannabinoid use. This figure is up from five during the same period in 2014, said the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
AdvertisementDuring those months, US poison centers in 48 of 50 states reported receiving 3,572 calls related to synthetic cannabinoid use, a 229% increase over the 1,085 calls received during the same January through May period in 2014. Almost half of those calls (1,501) were made in April alone.
The CDC said, "The findings suggest a need for enhanced efforts to remove these products from the market."