Croatia's parliament on Friday passed a new fertility law, easing what had been some of Europe's most restrictive measures, despite opposition from the Catholic Church and conservatives.
The new law notably authorizes the freezing of embryos and recognizes the right of single women to assisted fertilization.
It was supported by 88 deputies from the centre-left coalition, while 45 MPs voted against and two abstained from the vote.
"Infertility is... an illness recognized by the World Health Organization. The law allows treatment for this illness. It is a medical law that does not force a person to do anything, but regulates a field that has needed it for years," Health Minister Rajko Ostojic said.
The main conservative opposition party, the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) said the new legislation was a "violation of the right to life" echoing the position of the influential local Catholic Church, which have qualified it as "profoundly immoral and inhuman."
Croatia, which is set to join the European Union in mid-2013, for decades had an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) law allowing the freezing of embryos, dating back to 1978 when the world's first "test-tube baby" was born.
However, when the conservative HDZ party was in power in 2009, it passed new legislation, among the most restrictive in Europe, which included a ban on frozen embryos and allowed only three eggs to be fertilized per attempt.
Many couples undergoing the treatment argued that this drastically reduced their chances of having a baby through IVF and forced them so seek medical help abroad.
Nearly 90 percent of Croatia's 4.2 million population are Roman Catholics.