COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is a progressive disease that blocks the airflow and makes it difficult to breathe. COPD is the major cause of morbidity and mortality across the globe.
About 65 million people have moderate to severe COPD, according to the World Health Organization. More than 3 million people died of COPD in 2005 corresponding to 5% of all deaths globally and it is estimated to be the third leading cause of death by 2030.
‘The total number of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is likely to increase by more than 30% in the next decade.’
COPD is a group of lung diseases that include long-term lung diseases which are characterized by shortness of breath, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema and chronic asthma which isn't fully reversible.
Smokers or people with a history of smoking are at higher risk for COPD. Exposure to pollution and other irritants can also increase the risk of developing COPD. In India, asthma and COPD affect approximately 100 million people.
Globally, India contributes to a significant percentage of COPD mortality. There are 30 million COPD sufferers in the country. People with COPD are more susceptible to cold and are likely to suffer from recurring bouts of flu or pneumonia.
COPD is the fifth leading cause of death. The total number of deaths from COPD was projected to increase by more than 30% in the next decade. Thus it is important to take action to reduce the underlying risk factors such as tobacco.