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Compound Prevents People from Going Deaf from Blaring Earphones

by Savitha C Muppala on  August 31, 2013 at 9:07 PM Research News   - G J E 4
Scientists have discovered a compound that could help keep the ear safe from noise-related damage.
 Compound Prevents People from Going Deaf from Blaring Earphones
Compound Prevents People from Going Deaf from Blaring Earphones
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Xiaorui Shi, M.D., Ph.D., study author from the Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery at the Oregon Hearing Research Center at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, Oregon, said that noise-induced hearing loss, with accompanying tinnitus and sound hypersensitivity is a common condition which leads to communication problems and social isolation.

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Shi and colleagues used three groups of 6 - 8 week old mice, which consisted of a control group, a group exposed to broadband noise at 120 decibels for three hours a day for two days, and a third group given single-dose injections of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) prior to noise exposure.

PEDF is a protein found in vertebrates that is currently being researched for the treatment of diseases like heart disease and cancer.

The cells that secrete PEDF in control animals showed a characteristic branched morphology, with the cells arranging in a self-avoidance pattern which provided good coverage of the capillary wall.

The morphology of the same cells in the animals exposed to wide-band noise, however, showed clear differences-noise exposure caused changes in melanocytes located in the inner ear.

The new research has been published in Federation of the American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal.

Source: ANI
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