The Himachal Pradesh High Court has set up a committee of experts to help ensure that life-saving drugs are not being sold at inflated prices and are available for everyone at cheap prices.
"No doubt the pharmaceutical companies are entitled to earn profits, but the profits must be reasonable profits," a division bench of Justice Deepak Gupta and Justice Sanjay Karol said in an order made available Saturday.
The court constituted a 13-members committee, comprising doctors of the Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla and the Rajendra Prasad Medical College in Tanda in Kangra district, and asked it to guide it on lowest prices of medicines.
Hearing a public interest petition by Amardeep Chauhan alleging high prices of life-saving drugs, the judges observed: "Such an increase (in prices) shocks the judicial conscience of this court. The salt is the same. The drug is commonly manufactured. There is no patent with regard to the drug. It only shows that at the cost of poor patients, huge profits are being made."
The court directed pharma companies to file a reply stating what steps they were taking to ensure that drugs were available at the minimum costs.
Taking up the case of drug atorvastatin, used for heart ailments, the court said the drug manufactured by Hetero Labs Ltd and marketed by Gen X Pharma Ltd under the brand name of GenxVast cost Rs.12 for a pack of 10 tablets of 10 mg each.
The same manufacturer's drug marketed under brand name Lilo by Glaxo Smith Kline cost Rs.33.75 for a pack of 10 tablets of 10 mg each - almost three times more than GenxVast, the court said.
"The fact is that the same manufacturer is manufacturing an identical drug of identical potency under different brand names and pricing them differently. How can a poor patient, who comes from a rural background, confront a doctor or a chemist when he is sold an expensive medicine," asked the court.
The court would next hear the matter March 21.