Medindia

X

Clinical Features Associated With Melanoma to Identify Patients at High Risk

by Shirley Johanna on  November 10, 2016 at 2:00 AM Cancer News   - G J E 4
A person's risk factor for melanoma can be used to tailor self-examinations and surveillance programs, says a new study. The incidence of melanoma that occurs on the skin is increasing in predominantly European populations, and Australia's incidence is among the highest in the world.
 Clinical Features Associated With Melanoma to Identify Patients at High Risk
Clinical Features Associated With Melanoma to Identify Patients at High Risk
Advertisement

Caroline G. Watts, M.P.H., of the University of Sydney, Australia, and coauthors examined clinical features associated with melanomas according to patient risk factors (many moles, history of previous melanoma and family history of melanoma) to improve the identification and treatment of those at higher risk.

‘Higher-risk patients with many moles are more likely to have melanoma on the trunk, those with a family history may have melanomas on the limbs.’
Advertisement
The study included 2,727 patients with melanoma, of whom 1,052 (39 percent) were defined as higher risk because of family history, multiple primary melanomas or many moles. The most common risk factor in this group had many moles, followed by a personal history and a family history.

The authors report the average age at diagnosis was younger for higher-risk patients (62 vs. 65 years) compared with those patients at lower risk because they did not have these risk factors. However, that age differed by risk factor: 56 years for patients with a family history, 59 years for those with many moles and 69 years for those with a previous melanoma.

Also, higher-risk patients with many moles were more likely to have melanoma on the trunk, those with a family history were more likely to have melanomas on the limbs, and those with a personal history were more likely to have melanoma on the head and neck.

Limitations of the study include risk factors based on physician recall and patient medical records. The authors also did not assess the reliability or validity of the risk factor data.

"The results of our study suggest that a person's risk factor status might be used to tailor their surveillance program in terms of starting age and education about skin self-examination or more intensive surveillance," the study concludes.

The study is published in JAMA Dermatology.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

Advertisement
View All