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Chinese Scientists Develop Brain-Like Computer Chip

by Bidita Debnath on  January 3, 2016 at 12:40 AM Research News   - G J E 4
The media reported that scientists from China's Zhejiang province have developed a computer chip that works much like the brain.
 Chinese Scientists Develop Brain-Like Computer Chip
Chinese Scientists Develop Brain-Like Computer Chip
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Jointly developed by scientists from Hangzhou Dianzi University and Zhejiang University, the new chip, named "Darwin" was revealed earlier this week after more than a year of research, Xinhua news agency reported.

‘Chinese scientists have developed a new computer chip, named "Darwin" that works much like the brain. The chip can process 'fuzzy information' that conventional computer chips fail to process.’
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"It can perform intelligent computer tasks by simulating a human brain's neural networks, in which neurons connect with one another via synapses," said Ma De from Hangzhou Dianzi University. The black plastic piece is smaller than a dime, but is equipped with 2,048 neurons and four million synapses, two of the fundamental units that make up the human brain.

With the new chip, a computer can do more while using less electricity. "It can process 'fuzzy information' that conventional computer chips fail to process," said Shen Juncheng, a scientist from Zhejiang University.

For example, it can recognize numbers written by different people, distinguish among different images, and move objects on screen by receiving a user's brain signals. The chip is expected to be used in robotics, intelligent hardware systems and brain-computer interfaces, but its development is still in the preliminary stage, according to Ma.

TrueNorth, an advanced brain-like chip developed by IBM, is on the US' technology embargo list to China, so Chinese scientists had to start their research from scratch. The development of Darwin marked a significant breakthrough in brain-inspired computing research in China.

Source: IANS
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