Picky eating is a typical behavior among many preschoolers. Although parents generally see picky eating among children as just a phase, a new study has revealed that those with both moderate and severe selective eating may be at increased risk for depression and anxiety. The study suggested that more than 20% of children aged two to six are selective eaters.
Lead author Nancy Zucker from Duke University School of Medicine in the US said, "The children we are talking about are not just misbehaving kids who refuse to eat their broccoli. These are children whose eating has become so limited or selective that it's starting to cause problems. Impairment can take many different forms. It can affect the child's health, growth, social functioning, and the parent-child relationship. The child can feel like no one believes them, and parents can feel blamed for the problem."
For the study, researchers studied 3,433 children. They found that both moderate and severe selective eating were associated with significantly elevated symptoms of depression, social anxiety and generalized anxiety. Although kids with moderate picky eating did not show an increased likelihood of formal psychiatric diagnoses, children with severe selective eating were more than twice as likely to also have a diagnosis of depression. The study said, "Children with moderate and severe patterns of selective eating would meet the criteria for an eating disorder called Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)."
Zucker said, "Some children who refuse to eat might have heightened senses, which can make the smell, texture and tastes of certain foods overwhelming, causing aversion and disgust. Some children may have had a bad experience with a certain food, and develop anxiety when trying another new food or being forced to try the offensive food again."
The study appeared in the Pediatrics.