Children in Rural India are Treated Wrongly for Diarrhea and Pneumonia

by Dr. Trupti Shirole on  February 17, 2015 at 12:40 PM Indian Health News
RSS Email Print This Page Comment
Children in rural India are treated wrongly for diarrhea and pneumonia, which are the two leading killers of young ones worldwide, revealed researchers at Duke University.
 Children in Rural India are Treated Wrongly for Diarrhea and Pneumonia
Children in Rural India are Treated Wrongly for Diarrhea and Pneumonia
Advertisement

Lead author of the study Manoj Mohanan said, "Medical practitioners typically fail to prescribe lifesaving treatments such as oral rehydration salts (ORS). Instead, they typically prescribe unnecessary antibiotics or other potentially harmful drugs. 80 percent medical providers in their study had no medical degree. But much of India's rural population receives care from such untrained providers, and very few studies have been able to rigorously measure the gap between what providers know and what they do in practice."

Advertisement
The study involved 340 health care providers in Bihar, wherein researchers conducted 'vignette' interviews with providers to assess how they would diagnose and treat a hypothetical case. Later, standardized patients, individuals who portrayed patients presenting the same symptoms as in the interviews, made unannounced visits at the clinics. This strategy enabled researchers to measure the gap between what healthcare providers know and what they actually do.

The research found that providers exhibited low levels of knowledge about both diarrhea and pneumonia during the interviews and performed even worse in practice. In practice, none of them gave the correct treatment- only ORS, with or without zinc, and no other potentially harmful drugs. Instead, almost 72 percent of healthcare providers gave antibiotics or potentially harmful treatments without ORS.

The results show that in order to reduce child mortality, there was a need of strategies to improve diagnosis and treatment of these two childhood illnesses. Mohanan said, "They needed to understand what incentives cause providers to diverge from proper diagnosis and treatment."

The study appears online in JAMA Pediatrics.

Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted
I agree to the terms and conditions

Related Links

More News on:

Hib Vaccine Cholera Pneumonia Amoebic Dysentery Height and Weight-Kids Colo-rectal cancer - Management Crohns Disease Q Fever Silicosis Respiratory Distress Syndrome 
Advertisement

News A - Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

News Search

Medindia Newsletters

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

Advertisement

Advertisement
Advertisement

Stay Connected

  • Available on the Android Market
  • Available on the App Store

Facebook

News Category

News Archive