A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals that BPA additives in plastic could be harmful for the reproductive organs of women and can lead to birth defects, chromosome damage and miscarriages.
The study was conducted by researchers at Washington State University and University of California, Davis, who analyzed the effect of BPA levels on a group of rhesus monkeys whose reproductive system is similar to that of humans.
The monkeys were given single daily doses and low level continuous doses of BPA and the researchers found that the egg cell failed to divide properly in the earliest stage of egg development. In monkeys who were exposed continuously to BPA, there were complications in the third trimester when fetal eggs were not packaged appropriately in follicles which is necessary for the egg to grow and mature properly.
"The concern is exposure to this chemical that we're all exposed to could increase the risk of miscarriages and the risk of babies born with birth defects like Down Syndrome. The really stunning thing about the effect is we're dosing grandma, it's crossing the placenta and hitting her developing fetus, and if that fetus is a female, it's changing the likelihood that that female is going to ovulate normal eggs. It's a three-for-one hit", lead researcher Patricia Hunt said.