Antibiotics to Develop Resistance for Gonorrhea Treatment

by Madhumathi Palaniappan on  July 15, 2016 at 3:00 PM Drug News   - G J E 4
The U.S Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently revealed that the number of cases linked to antibiotic resistant gonorrhea has increased about four times in the United States.
Antibiotics to Develop Resistance for Gonorrhea Treatment
Antibiotics to Develop Resistance for Gonorrhea Treatment

The CDC report stated that the resistance level of the antibiotic drug azithromycin in the treatment of gonorrhea has also increased from 0.6 percent in 2013 to 2.5 percent in 2014. The increasing resistance to the drug was seen in all parts of the country being most common in the MidWest.The findings of the report serve as a warning to depict the failure of gonorrhea treatment in the near future.

‘Gonorrhea to become untreatable because of the emerging resistance developed to the antibiotics. According to CDC, antibiotic resistant to gonorrhea has increased about four times in the US.’
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease which is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. Symptoms of the disease mainly involves a burning sensation during urination and penis discharge in men, while women may have vaginal discharge and pelvic pain. Gonorrhea is very common in the United States and about 350,000 people were diagnosed with the disease in 2014. If the disease is left untreated it would result in chronic pelvic pain or result in fertility problems. Pregnant women can infect the infant resulting in a serious eye infection.

Dr.Jonathan Mermin, Director of CDC'S National Center for HIV/AIDS , Viral Hepatitis, Sexually transmitted disease and Tuberculosis prevention said that the rising resistance to antibiotics and very little treatment options will result in the failure of future gonorrhea treatment in the U.S.

In the beginning, the use of antibiotics for the treatment of gonorrhea proved to be beneficial, but the bacteria being smart was able to slowly crop down each antibiotic that was coming in its way and continues to mutate rapidly.

The CDC recommends multidrug therapy for the treatment of gonorrhea. Combination therapy of azithromycin with ceftriaxone is now used for gonorrhea due to the efficacy of the treatment and also due to the slow resistance developed to the drug. If Gonorrhea remains untreated it can result in HIV infections and problems in pregnancy.

Source: Medindia

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