Medindia

X

Antibiotic Resistance Triggering the Re-Emergence of Scarlet Fever After Dormancy

by Reshma Anand on  November 5, 2015 at 6:27 PM Respiratory Disease News   - G J E 4
A childhood disease may be making a comeback after 100 years due to increasing resistance to antibiotics, reveals a new study.
Antibiotic Resistance Triggering the Re-Emergence of Scarlet Fever After Dormancy
Antibiotic Resistance Triggering the Re-Emergence of Scarlet Fever After Dormancy
Advertisement

According to the Center for Disease Control, Scarlet fever is caused by a Group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria that mainly affects children under 10 years of age. Red rash on the skin, sore throat, fever headache and nausea are the main symptoms of scarlet fever. Serious illness can usually be treated with antibiotics.

‘A 100-year old scarlet disease which is a respiratory tract infection affecting children has shown potential to comeback due to the increasing use of antibiotics. Its resistance to current antibiotics emerges as a threat for combating it.’
Advertisement
"We have not yet had an outbreak in Australia, but over the past five years there have been more than 5,000 cases in Hong Kong (a 10-fold increase) and more than 100,000 cases in China and an outbreak in the UK has resulted in 12,000 cases since last year," said Mark Walker, one of the researchers.

Australian scientists have performed genomic sequencing on isolates of 34 GAS strains from Hong Kong and mainland China to investigate genetic changes in the strains, finding several that have led to some drug resistance.

"We now have a situation which may change the nature of the disease and make it resistant to broad-spectrum treatments normally prescribed for respiratory tract infections, such as scarlet fever," said Nouri Ben Zakour, one of the researchers.

Scarlet fever can lead to several complications like rheumatic heart disease, arthritis and ear infections. Therefore, it's important to swiftly identify scarlet fever-associated bacteria and antibiotic resistant elements to track the spread of scarlet fever. The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

Advertisement
View All