US FDA Approves New Drug for Three Types of Arthritis

by Gopalan on  April 26, 2009 at 9:16 AM Drug News   - G J E 4
 US FDA Approves New Drug for Three Types of Arthritis
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Simponi (golimumab), a monthly treatment for adults with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis, active psoriatic arthritis, and active ankylosing spondylitis, painful, progressive form of spinal arthritis.

All three conditions are chronic disorders in which the immune system attacks multiple joints, causing stiffness, pain, and restricted motion.

"The approval provides another treatment option for patients with these three debilitating disorders," said Bob Rappaport, M.D., director of the Division of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Rheumatology Products in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "And the steps we're taking to minimize the risks will give patients the same level of safety protection required for other drugs in its class."

Simponi is injected under the skin. It is intended for use in combination with the immunosuppressant drug methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It also may be used with or without methotrexate for psoriatic arthritis and alone in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a chronic inflammatory arthritis of the spine.

In clinical trials, patients who received Simponi for one of the three conditions showed improvements in the signs and symptoms common to their form of arthritis.

Simponi is in a class of drugs that target and neutralize tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-Š), a protein that, when overproduced in the body due to chronic inflammatory diseases, can cause inflammation and damage to bones, cartilage and tissue. Like other TNF- Š blockers, Simponi labeling includes a boxed warning alerting patients and health care professionals to the risk of tuberculosis and invasive fungal infections with use of the drug. The FDA also required a risk evaluation mitigation strategy (REMS) for Simponi, as it required for other TNF-Š blockers. The REMS for Simponi includes a Medication Guide for patients and a communication plan to help prescriber's understand the drug's risks.

The most common adverse reactions to Simponi include upper respiratory tract infection, sore throat and nasal congestion, the FDA website says.

Simponi is essentially a follow-up to the multibillion-dollar drug Remicade, which is marketed in the United States by Johnson & Johnson and in Europe and other countries by the Schering-Plough Corporation.

Combined sales of the drug were more than $5 billion last year.

Source: Medindia

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