Centre right group Reform has said that hospitals must axe thousands of beds to save money and improve care.
In a hard-hitting report, the organization said that the increasing rates of lifestyle conditions like diabetes meant that the focus must now be on community services.
"Health systems around the world are gearing up to shift care out of hospitals and into the community," said Patrick Nolan, chief economist at Reform. "Politicians would be best to engage local people in the choices facing their NHS services rather than foment short-sighted opposition to them."
The report also said that around 30,000 beds could be closed in the nest few years. A Department of Health spokesperson said the NHS was the best judge of either continuing or closing beds in respective hospitals.