New research is suggesting that stroke victims can save their damaged sight by listening to their favorite music.
According to the study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, up to 60 percent of stroke patients have impaired visual awareness of the outside world as a result, where they have trouble interacting with certain objects in the visual world.
This impaired visual awareness, known as 'visual neglect', is due to the damage that a stroke causes in brain areas that are critical for the integration of vision, attention and action. Visual neglect causes the patient to lose awareness of objects in the opposite side of space compared to the site of their brain injury.
As per researchers from Imperial College London, the University of Birmingham and other institutions, listening to favourite music may help stroke patients with impaired visual awareness to regain their ability to see.
To reach the conclusion, researchers looked at three patients who had lost awareness of half of their field of vision as a result of a stroke. The patients completed tasks under three conditions: while listening to their preferred music, while listening to music they did not like and in silence.
All three patients could identify coloured shapes and red lights in their depleted side of vision much more accurately while they were listening to their preferred music, compared with listening to music they did not like or silence.
The researchers believe that the improvement in visual awareness seen in patients could be as a result of patients experiencing positive emotions when listening to music that they like.
The team suggest that when a patient experiences positive emotions this may result in more efficient signalling in the brain. This may then improve the patient's awareness by giving the brain more resources to process stimuli.
The team also used functional MRI scans to look at the way the brain functioned while the patients performed different tasks. They found that listening to pleasant music as the patients performed the visual tasks activated the brain in areas linked to positive emotional responses to stimuli. When the brain was activated in this way, the activation in emotion brain regions was coupled with the improvement of the patients' awareness of the visual world.
Dr David Soto, the lead author of the study from the Division of Neurosciences and Mental Health at Imperial College London, said: Visual neglect can be a very distressing condition for stroke patients. It has a big effect on their day-to-day lives. For example, in extreme cases, patients with visual neglect may eat only the food on the right side of their plate, or shave only half of their face, thus failing to react to certain objects in the environment".
"We wanted to see if music would improve visual awareness in these patients by influencing the individual's emotional state. Our results are very promising, although we would like to look at a much larger group of patients with visual neglect and with other neuropsychological impairments."