South Asians have gone forth and multiplied in US like nobody's business! They led all Asian groups in the rate of population growth from 2000 to 2010, according to a new analysis of 2010 census data.
Bangladeshi Americans had the biggest percentage increase over the decade, skyrocketing 157%. Pakistanis fell slightly behind their erstwhile compatriots, but still registered a cent per cent rise. The Sri Lankan and Indian American populations increased 85% and 68%, respectively.
Indian Americans, including Asian Indians, numbered 3.2 million, making up 18% of the Asian American population in 2010, up from 16% in 2000.
Pakistanis (including those of mixed race) stood only at 409,163, Bangladeshis at 147,300 and Sri Lankans at 45,381, making the total South Asian American population of 3,781,907 in 2010.
More interesting to Indians, Indian Americans led all Asian American groups in the country in median household income at $86,660, according to 2007 to 2009 data, The next highest total was $77,596 for Taiwanese households.
Taiwanese and Indians also led in per capita income among Asian American groups, with $38,312 and $36,533, respectively. (They were followed by Malaysians ($33,264) and Sri Lankans ($32,480).)
Also the Taiwanese and Indian immigrants led all Asian groups in higher educational attainment, with 73% to 68%, respectively, having a bachelor's degree or higher. In third place were Malaysians at 57%.
According to the 2007-09 American Community Survey, naturalization rates are highest for Vietnamese at 73%, followed by Taiwanese at 67% and Filipinos at 64%. Among the South Asian groups, Pakistanis had the highest rate of naturalization at 57%, while just 50% of Bangladeshi Americans, 47% of Indian Americans and 43% of Sri Lankan Americans were naturalized.
These figures could become significant in next year's presidential election, as Asian American groups seek to register naturalized citizens and get them to the polls, points out Richard Springer in IndiaWest, a popular weekly among Indians in US.
.The report also estimated that in 2010 there were about one million undocumented immigrants from Asia in the U.S. About 280,000 were from the Philippines, 200,000 from India, 170,000 from Korea and 130,000 from China. India's total was down from an estimate of over 275,000 in 2005.
The percentage of Indian Americans living in poverty was 8 per cent in 2007-09. It was 20 per cent for Bangladeshis, 18 per cent for Cambodians and 15 per cent among Pakistanis.