The stability of certain oral surgical procedures is damaged in cases of smokers, according to a recent study.
The study, from the American Academy of Periodontology, showed that smokers had less advantageous long-term results following periodontal plastic surgery than non-smokers.
For the study, the researchers followed 10 smokers and 10 non-smokers for two years to assess the effects of cigarette smoke on the long-term outcomes of a treatment to help soft tissue reattach to the root surface of the teeth.
After a two-year evaluation, the researchers found that residual gum recession around the area which received the surgery was greater in smokers as compared to non-smokers.
Studies have shown that smoking can impair the body's ability to heal itself immediately after surgery; but, this most recent study also showed that when a patient has periodontal plastic surgery, smoking can damage the ability of that procedure to stay intact over a long period of time.
Previous studies have shown that smoking can damage the body's ability to heal itself immediately after surgery, but according to the researchers, this most recent study also showed that when a patient has periodontal plastic surgery, smoking can damage the ability of that procedure to stay intact over a long period of time.
"People who smoke and have had some sort of periodontal plastic surgery should be aware of the negative side effects of smoking. It can be costly to have to repeat a surgery because the desirable outcomes might have been undone by smoking," said Preston D. Miller, Jr., DDS, President of the American Academy of Periodontology.
"Therefore, it is important patients and doctors agree to a smoking cessation program prior to any periodontal surgery. This will help a patient's chance of achieving optimal results," he added.
The study is published in the September issue of the Journal of Periodontology (JOP).