Conjoined twins, also known as Siamese twins, Seeta and
Geeta have separate heads, hands and legs, but are joined at the hip, having
just one anus making surgery risky. Their parents are from Motihari district of
Bihar, and have a tough time eking out a living.
Though doctors in Patna could not operate on the twins given the grave risk
involved, they did refer them to the Batra Hospital for help, while Dr Ajay
Kumar, a neurosurgeon at a Patna hospital decided to bear the cost of the surgery,
which would be approximately Rs.5-6 Lakhs, though it is believed that Batra
Hospital will bear half the expense.
But the chances of a
successful operation are slight, since it is a complicated procedure as only
one anal tract can be provided post-operation which would leave one of them at
grave risk, so the medical team will have to create a urinary and intestinal
diversion and reconstruct the pelvis and hip.
The head of pediatrics department at Batra Hospital,
Dr S. Bagai, said, "The lower parts of their spines are very close but the
proximity is towards the terminal parts."
The conjoined twins have
undergone preliminary medical tests at Batra Hospital.
The tests are considered crucial in determining their chances of survival after
the surgery, which generally are around 25% depending on the organs conjoined. Separating
the two will require a multidisciplinary team of specialists like pediatric
surgeons, orthopedics, plastic surgeons and other specialists.