Risk of Metabolic Diseases Reduced by Moderate Alcohol Consumption

by Kathy Jones on  November 30, 2010 at 10:39 PM Alcohol & Drug Abuse News   - G J E 4
Moderate drinkers tend to have about 30 per cent lower risk of developing late onset diabetes than do non-drinkers, researchers have found. Moderate drinkers also tend to be at lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
 Risk of Metabolic Diseases Reduced by Moderate Alcohol Consumption
Risk of Metabolic Diseases Reduced by Moderate Alcohol Consumption

A cross-sectional analysis of 6172 subjects age 35 -75 in Switzerland related varying levels of alcohol intake to the presence of DM, MS, and an index of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).

Alcohol consumption was categorized as non-drinkers ,low-risk, medium-to-high-risk and very-high-risk drinkers. 73pc of participants consumed alcohol, 16pc were medium-to-high-risk drinkers and 2pc very-high risk drinkers

The study found that the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, diabetes and mean HOMA-IR decreased with low-risk drinking and increased with high-risk drinking.

Adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 24pc in non-drinkers, 19pc in low-risk, 20pc in medium-to-high-risk and 29pc in very-high-risk drinkers.

Adjusted prevalence of diabetes was 6.0pc in non-drinkers, 3.6pc in low-risk, 3.8pc in medium-to-high-risk and 6.7pc in very-high-risk drinkers. These relationships did not differ according to beverage types.

Moderate drinkers also had the lowest weight, tryglycerides, and blood pressure. All drinkers had higher HDL-cholesterol values (that is 'good cholesterol) than did non-drinkers.

Metabolic syndrome is the name given to a so called 'lifestyle disease', where patients exhibit multiple medical problems including high blood pressure, late on set diabetes, and high cholesterol.

Source: ANI

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