Moderate drinkers tend to have about 30 per cent lower risk of developing late onset diabetes than do non-drinkers, researchers have found. Moderate drinkers also tend to be at lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
A cross-sectional analysis of 6172 subjects age 35 -75 in Switzerland related varying levels of alcohol intake to the presence of DM, MS, and an index of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).
Alcohol consumption was categorized as non-drinkers ,low-risk, medium-to-high-risk and very-high-risk drinkers. 73pc of participants consumed alcohol, 16pc were medium-to-high-risk drinkers and 2pc very-high risk drinkers
The study found that the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, diabetes and mean HOMA-IR decreased with low-risk drinking and increased with high-risk drinking.
Adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 24pc in non-drinkers, 19pc in low-risk, 20pc in medium-to-high-risk and 29pc in very-high-risk drinkers.
Adjusted prevalence of diabetes was 6.0pc in non-drinkers, 3.6pc in low-risk, 3.8pc in medium-to-high-risk and 6.7pc in very-high-risk drinkers. These relationships did not differ according to beverage types.
Moderate drinkers also had the lowest weight, tryglycerides, and blood pressure. All drinkers had higher HDL-cholesterol values (that is 'good cholesterol) than did non-drinkers.
Metabolic syndrome is the name given to a so called 'lifestyle disease', where patients exhibit multiple medical problems including high blood pressure, late on set diabetes, and high cholesterol.