Certain protective factors that will help women, who as children were exposed to their mothers' battering, recover from the violence have been found in a new study.
Kim Anderson, a University of Missouri researcher and associate professor in the MU School of Social Work, found that women are less likely to suffer from PTSD if they are more resilient, or better able to overcome adversity.
In regard to childhood protective factors that increase adult resilience, Anderson found that mothers who were employed full-time had a positive influence on their children's recovery from witnessing domestic violence.
"Mothers who work full-time, even in adverse situations, create economic stability and model a strong work ethic, independence and competence," Anderson said.
"This shows the importance of the bond between mothers and children and the importance of positive adult role models in the lives of children who have experienced abuse," she stated.
The study also identified risk factors for PTSD in women who as children witnessed the abuse of their mothers, including the mental health status of their mothers and police involvement in violent incidents.
"The mental health status of mothers affects how they recover from abuse and their parenting style. Children whose mothers do not experience mental health problems are less likely to have mental health problems of their own," Anderson explained.
The study, 'Assessing PTSD and Resilience for Females Who During Childhood were Exposed to Domestic Violence', was published in Child and Family Social Work.