Parents must be educated and aware about maintenance of proper oral health, which they can impart to their children.
With all of the challenges that new parents face, they may not think much about the link between their child's oral health and overall health.
In fact, an understanding of oral hygiene can help parents to prevent tooth decay-the single most common chronic childhood disease in America-and to create a lifetime of healthy habits for their child.
"Ideally, the oral health education for any family will begin with prenatal education and the establishment of a dental home by the time the child is 12 to 18 months of age," Tegwyn Brickhouse, DDS, author of the study, said.
"Many people don't realize that the oral health of the mother affects both the infant's future oral health and the child's overall health. In fact, some studies show that periodontal disease has been linked to pre-term labour.
"That's why pregnant women should be evaluated for cavities, poor oral hygiene, gingivitis, loose teeth and diet," Brickhouse stated.
After the child is born, families should become familiar with their child's dental and oral health milestones, which will be determined by discussion with the family dentist or a paediatric dentist.
Children should have their first dental visit at age 1 or within six months of the eruption of their first tooth.
A dentist will be able to discuss when parents can expect to see a child's first tooth and the best technique for brushing his or her new teeth.
Diet is another factor that affects a child's oral health. Frequent and long-term exposure to liquids that contain sugars commonly results in tooth decay.
In addition to eliminating sugary drinks altogether from a child's diet, parents can adopt other habits to prevent tooth decay due to beverage consumption.
"Parents should avoid giving their children milk, formula, juice or soda at naptime or nighttime," Bruce DeGinder, DDS, MAGD, spokesperson for the AGD, said.
"The sugars will linger on their teeth and gums for a prolonged period of time, promoting decay," DeGinder added.
Parents are responsible for their child's oral hygiene practices and are advised to meet with a general dentist to determine the best way to establish and maintain their child's oral health.
A general dentist also can provide families with oral health literature that is designed to educate both the parent and child. This education has multiple benefits.
"Healthy teeth in early childhood can provide a positive self-image and improve the child's quality of life," Brickhouse explained.
The article has been published in the May/June 2010 issue of General Dentistry, the peer-reviewed clinical journal of the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD).