In a new article, researchers have explored the emerging field of Nutrigenomics, which aims to identify the genetic factors that influence the body's response to diet - something that might one day help in developing personalized diets for disease prevention.
In a series of interdisciplinary reports and analyses published in OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, researchers tend to explain how the genetic traits of an individual or population interact with their diet.
"In contrast to previous applications of genomics technologies where the goal is to distinguish existing disease from absence of disease, nutrigenomics aims to discern nuanced differences in predisease states such that personalized dietary interventions can be designed to prevent or modify future disease susceptibility," wrote the researchers.
Personalised diets would include modifying either diet or the biochemical response to food exposure to prevent disease in individuals shown to be susceptible to the consequences of unfavourable dietary/genomic interactions.
The researchers said that nutrigenomics might potentially help guide the development of customized diets based on an individual's genetic make-up.
"Nutrigenomics opens new and amazing frontiers in 21st century biomedical and clinical research," said Eugene Kolker, PhD, Executive Editor of OMICS and Chief Data Officer at Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington.