Researchers have found that non-surgical methods like penile traction, penis pump and peno-scrotal rings were more effective than surgical procedures in extending the penis length. Surgical procedures can be dangerous with an 'unacceptably high' rate of complications.
Traction method is reported to have an average increase of 1.8 cm in men who followed 6-hours of traction per day for 4-months. The average increase was 2.3cm while in a flaccid state and 1.7cm when erect if men followed 4-hours of traction per day for 6-months.
The use of the penis pump which uses vacuum to stretch the organ was found to be effective if used for a 6-month period.
'Peno-sctroal' rings which fit around the organ may help to augment the size of penis and maintain erections.
Scientists pointed out that increase in length did not lead to any changes in the thickness of the organ.
The study was conducted by Italian scientists at the University of Turin and has been published in the journal of British Association of Urological Surgeons. For this purpose they reviewed 10 relevant literatures on surgical and non-surgical methods for 'male enhancement'.