Who says Islam is against family planning? Darul Uloom Deoband has issued a fatwa that says there's nothing wrong in using contraceptives for maintaining a gap between children.
In response to a query posted by an unidentified man seeking a fatwa on use of condoms to avoid pregnancy as his wife was looking after their one-year-old son, clerics at seminary's Darul ifta ( the body that issues fatwas ) were quoted: said, "Yes, it's allowable to use temporary contraceptives so that the children are properly nourished."
Islamic scholars opine that as permanent family planning methods like vasectomy and tubectomy involve making changes in human physiology, they are not allowed. Still, they say permanent contraceptive methods, or even abortion, is permissible only when the mother's life is in danger.
At the same time, conservative Muslim societies still prohibit contraception, although it's practiced widely. Shaykh Ibn Baaz of the Council of the Senior Scholars of Saudi Arabia is among those who have barred Muslims from taking birth control pills citing side effects and changes in the normal physiology.
According to the Justice Rajinder Sachar committee report, around 37% Muslims, as against a national average of 45.7%, make use of contraceptives. Yet, in Jammu and Kashmir, 46% Muslims use contraceptives. Fertility rates (total Fertility Rate: 2.7 and Cumulative Fertility: 4.9) have been observed to be lower for Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir than Muslims in other parts of India.