A survey conducted by National Family Health has found that 35.3% children under the age of 5 years in Delhi slums suffer from malnutrition.
The problem of malnutrition is a multifaceted and multi sectoral in nature. The Government is implementing several schemes which have an impact on the nutritional status of the people.
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development through State
Governments/UT Administration. The Scheme provides a package of six services namely supplementary nutrition, pre-school non-formal education, nutrition & health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services. Three of the services namely immunization, health check-up and
referral services are delivered through the public health system of Ministry of
Health & Family Welfare.
The Government has recently taken various steps which
include universalisation of the scheme with special focus on SC/ST and minority
habitations, revision in cost norms as well as the Nutritional and Feeding
norms of the Supplementary Nutrition component of ICDS. In addition,
Government has introduced provision of flexi fund at Anganwadi centre level and
new World Health Organisation (WHO) Growth Standards for growth monitoring.
There are 11150 sanctioned AWCs of which 6606 are functional
in Delhi mostly in urban slums and rural areas. The number of enrolled children
below 6 years in these AWCs as reported by the Delhi Government is 969811.
Besides the ICDS programme, Government is implementing a
number of other schemes throughout the country, which directly or indirectly
affect the nutritional status of women and children. Some of these are as
• Reproductive & Child Health Programme under the
National Rural Health Mission being implemented by the Ministry of Health &
Family Welfare has interventions which include Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) to
promote institutional deliveries, Immuzation; Integrated Management of Neonatal
and Childhood Illness; Specific Programmes to prevent and combat micronutrient
deficiencies of Vitamin A and Iron & Folic Acid through Vitamin A Supplementation
for children till the age of 5 years and Iron & Folic acid Supplementation
for infants, preschool children, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating
• Iodised salt is being provided for combating Iodine
• Mid-Day Meal programme of Department of School Education
• SABLA yojana of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
• Availability of essential food items at subsidized cost
through Targeted Public Distribution
System, Antodaya Anna Yojna by the Department of Food &
• Provision of safe drinking water and sanitation under the
• Programme Total Sanitation Campaign of Ministry of Rural
Development and under
• Jawahar Lal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission in urban areas.
• Other employment and income generation schemes such as
Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS),
Swaranjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) Swarna Jayanthi Shahri Rozgar Yojna
(SJSRY), Swadhar STEP scheme etc.
This information was given by Smt. Krishna Tirath, Minister
of State for Women and Child Development (Independent Charge) in a written
reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.