Men who live in states with a "culture of honour" put themselves at risk of accidental death during their effort to establish their manliness, according to a new study.
A culture of honour puts a high value on the defense of reputation-sometimes with violence. It can develop in environments with historically few natural resources, danger of rustling, and low police presence, researchers say.
People from honour states tend to respond to reputation threats with higher levels of hostility and violence compared to people from non-honor states, they said.
The researchers compared the rates of accidental death-by drowning, car wrecks, over-exertion and so on-and found that people in honour states had significantly higher accidental death rates than did people in non-honour states, especially among White men.
They found that honour states had a 14 percent higher accidental death rate in the cities, as well as a 19 percent higher rate of accidental death in more rural areas, compared to non-honour states.
More than 7,000 deaths a year can be attributed to risk-taking associated with the culture of honour in the USA, they said.
The study has been published in the current Social Psychological and Personality Science (published by SAGE).