A diet low in fat and red meat and high in fruits and vegetables may prove beneficial in preventing and treating prostate cancer, according to a new review.
In the review, the researchers analysed if certain modifications in diet could be beneficial in preventing prostate cancer.
Robert W.-L. Ma and K. Chapman conducted an evidence-based review of dietary recommendations in the prevention of prostate cancer, as well as in the management of patients with prostate cancer.
The researchers found that a diet low in fat, high in vegetables and fruit, and avoiding high energy intake, excessive meat, and excessive dairy products and calcium intake might be helpful in preventing prostate cancer, and for patients diagnosed with prostate cancer.
They pointed out that the risk of prostate cancer could decrease by particularly consuming tomatoes, cauliflower, broccoli, green tea, and vitamins like Vitamin E and selenium.
Even the consumption of highly processed or charcoaled meats, dairy products, and fats was apparently linked to prostate cancer.
"Although not conclusive, results suggest that general dietary modification has a beneficial effect on the prevention of prostate cancer. In patients with prostate cancer, dietary therapy allows patients to be an active participant in their treatment," concluded the authors.
The study has been published in the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics.