Multi Organ Harvesting Aid Network (MOHAN)
Foundation, an NGO that has been
working in the field of deceased organ donation for the past 18 years signed a
landmark Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with NHS Blood and Transplant
(NHSBT), UK in Chennai on Friday.
The objective of
the MoU is to promote collaboration and knowledge sharing between the two
organizations with the aim of increasing organ donation rates in India and the
United Kingdom. UK in the last 5 years have doubled their donation rate
and this MoU will help the programme managers understand their process and
implement the guidelines in India. In the UK there is high incidence of organ
failure among the Asian minority community and a low donation rate. The skills
of Indian grief counsellors could help the UK to improve their donation rate in
this community. This is likely to herald a new chapter in this field in both
The signatories of the MoU were Prof. James Neuberger Associate
Medical Director for Organ Donation and Transplantation, NHSBT and Dr. Sunil
Shroff, Managing Trustee, MOHAN Foundation.
The MoU was signed in the presence of Dr. J. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Principal
Secretary, Health and Family Welfare, Government of Tamil Nadu and Dr.Satya
Vrat Sharma at the culmination of a consultative meeting for senior Transplant
Coordinators from across the country organized by MOHAN Foundation.
Prof. Neuberger expressed optimism that sharing knowledge and experience on
the different aspects of organ donation and transplantation would have a
positive impact, especially on minority and hard-to-reach groups.
Dr. Sunil Shroff said that this collaboration had come about because of the
unflagging enthusiasm and great initiative shown by Dr. N. Sridhar, Former
NHSBT Regional Lead for Organ Donation, Midlands, UK and presently Senior ICU
consultant, Intensive Care Unit, Kauvery Hospital, Chennai.
Elaborating on the
activities of MOHAN Foundation, Dr. Shroff also said that transplant
coordinators had a key role to play in the organ donation pathway and do the
most difficult task of supporting and obtaining consent for donation from a
"An inspiring example is the work of MOHAN Foundation's transplant
coordinators based at the Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Chennai.
Between February 2010 and December 2014, the families of 160 brain dead
patients were counselled about organ donation. 106 families said 'yes' - making
the choice to donate the organs of their loved ones to perpetuate life rather
than having the organs buried or cremated. This is a 66% consent or conversion
rate, which is comparable to that in the West," he said.
Dr. Shroff noted that there is huge
imbalance between the demand and supply of organs in India and to curb this
deficit, organ retrieval from brain dead patients should get more attention.
There are over 210,000 kidney and 100,000 liver transplants needed to take care
of demand for organs.
Potentially, there is a large pool of
brain dead patients available in India due to a sharp increase in road traffic
accidents, with numbers exceeding 1, 60,000 per year. An estimated 67% of these
road traffic accidents result in brain death. However, not even 1% of this pool
were organ donors. "In 2014 there were 411 deceased or cadaver organ donors who
donated 1150 solid organs and this means that on an average each donor donated
3 organs like kidneys, heart, liver or lungs. There were also about 7,000 live
kidney, 1500 live liver transplantations," he said.
MOHAN a not for profit non-government organisation has become
the largest pan India organisation that has played a significant role in
providing momentum to the deceased donation and transplantation programme.
In 2013 India did 330 deceased donors in our country. 2014
saw a 25% increase in the numbers and 411 deceased donors with Tamil Nadu
doing 136 of these donations, followed by Kerala. Dr.Shroff concluded by saying
that "What is required to push these number further is to educate not only the
public but also more importantly the doctors about this programme."
Dr. J. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Principal Secretary, Health and Family Welfare, Government of Tamil Nadu, hailed the effort being made by MOHAN Foundation to increase the organ donation rate in India.
He also said that much more effort, dedication and coordinated efforts from NGOs are required to have success in this field.
"Despite tremendous advances in the field of organ transplantation that have occurred in India and around the world during the last two decades, we are still not able to procure enough organs for those awaiting transplants. The association between India and the UK will definitely help in increasing the organ donation rate in both the countries," Dr. J. Radhakrishnan said.
Speaking about several myths surrounding
organ donation, Dr. Satya Vrat Sharma MBE, the special Invitee, said
that we should set up an organ donation awareness programme starting at the school level.
"In most homes, any discussion related to death is taboo. Also, a major section in the society is still reluctant to even talk about organ donation. Hence school level awareness campaigns can make a huge difference,"
Dr Satya Vrat said.
He also said, "Some people believe,
if they agree to donate organs, they will not get proper treatment for their health condition. But the fact is that when you go to the hospital, doctors
focus on saving your life - not somebody else's. Moreover, every hospital has a
standardized set of criteria that it uses for the determination of brain death
and brain death committees that are responsible to keep up to date on the latest
medical information about brain death," Dr Satya Vrat explained.
He mentioned that the National Transplant Organization of Spain is one of the
most successful in the field of organ donation in the world.
Not only does Spain have the highest donation rate in
Europe, with 34 donors per million people, but it is has almost 3 times the UK
rate of 13 per million.
The MoU will be reaffirmed in UK on the 26th of February 2015 in London at the House of Lords and its launch will be led by President of the British Medical Association Baroness Ilora Finlay.