analysis of handwriting exposes devious methods resorted by people to tamper
with legitimate or authentic documents for various reasons. Forging handwriting
is the most familiar malpractice known even to school kids. But serious
repercussions have been avoided, properties restored to rightful heirs, and
original submission of documents verified with the aid of forensic analysis of
handwriting and documentation. Gaurav Kaushik, Forensic Handwriting Analyst
of JK Consultancy, New Delhi shares his expertise with Medindia on forensic
analysis of handwriting.
How is forensic analysis of handwriting different from a regular handwriting
Graphology is the practice of handwriting analysis that determines the person
and analyses character of the person. As for the core area of forensic
handwriting analysis, its purpose is to check the genuineness of the
handwriting and/or documentation.
What are the different kinds of forged handwriting? What are the usual means
people resort to with the intent of malpractice?
People employ a number of ways
such as free-hand forgery, tracing method, disguise one's own handwriting, cut
and paste, erase chemically or with other means.
How do you detect that a particular script is forged? What are the cues that
give away a suspect?
Spectral Comparator (VSC), an imaging system, is used to detect authentication
of documents. Besides this, there are also document examiners. Some of the cues
are similar connectors, line quality of the signature such as pen stops, pen
pressure, pen lift, and pen pause. Apart from these signs, there are the
connecting strokes, individual characters, and general characteristics to name
What is the connection between a person's psyche and the person's handwriting?
forensic analyst can tell if the person was under the influence of intoxicating
substance, whether the person is skilled or unskilled and approximate age of
the person. But the character of a person can be assessed with 90 to 95%
accuracy with the help of a graphologist.
Handwriting is personal; what if a suspect uses computer or a typing device -
what means do you use to detect forgery?
Computer cannot forge
handwriting, but digital signatures are similar to signatures on paper, so the same
methods to detect a signature on a document are used.
To what extent is forensic analysis of handwriting foolproof in profiling a
analysis of handwriting is based on science. At least two handwriting experts
are given the same document and both will give the same report if they are
honest to their profession.
Handwriting Analysis has been integral in resolving many legal disputes and in
identifying unethical practices. On an interesting note, services of a document
examiner is availed even by high end corporate to verify the authenticity of
documents. A certified document examiner's report serves as valid evidence in
legal proceedings. Medindia thanks Gaurav Kaushik for his valuable input on one
of the most absorbing vocations.