Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) represent the global health problem of 21st century and affect all age groups. Scientists and medical doctors have introduced an integrated method - using system medicine, research and personalized patient centered treatment to look at chronic disease as a whole. NCD include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, arthritis, chronic respiratory disorders and cancer.
As chronic NCD are influenced by similar environmental and lifestyle factors such as nutrition and exposure to pollutants or tobacco, and patients often have several NCDs, the team believes they should be investigated as a group. Even loss in biodiversity, through climate change and industrialization, affects available nutrition and economic expectations.
Prof Jean Bousquet, from Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, CHU Montpellier, said, "Integration between results from primary care, research, and public health studies would fine tune computational and mathematical modeling. Increased access to patient data by health professionals (as long as patient confidentiality could be assured) would feed into this data pool in order to provide a better understanding of disease progression and treatment.
"Many people who suffer from chronic NCD are affected by more than one disease and would benefit from a personalized holistic treatment at the level of primary care. A better understanding of chronic disease through systems medicine would allow a more efficient use of health resources and focus attention on prevention as well as control, so reducing the cost and burden of care to society."