The researchers concluded that extending the hotly-debated screening programme to younger women would have real benefits in terms of both economic efficiency and equity. The approach could also be used for other fatal diseases with similar age distributions.
"Screening only older women increases unfair disparities in terms of life expectancy, quality of life and incidence of disease," said principal investigator Prof Louis Niessen, a public health economist at UEA's School of Medicine.
"Our findings show that extending screening to younger women will lead to a better mix of health programmes and a more balanced approach to the fight against breast cancer."
Prof Niessen urged policymakers and agencies such as NICE to use proper value-based weighing methods and take women's preferences into account when next reviewing breast cancer control guidelines.