The House of Lords Intergovernmental Organisations Committee inquiry has issued a report that says deadly diseases seem to be cropping up almost on an annual basis.
It is generally expected that diseases like SARS or the H5N1 bird flu could claim anything between two million and 50 million lives across the globe.
AdvertisementThe report said there was a need to put in place proper surveillance systems to identify and treat such diseases in a timely manner.
"The last 100 years have seen great advances in public health and disease control through the world, but globalization and changes in lifestyles are giving rise to new infections and providing opportunities for them to spread rapidly throughout the world," Committee chairman Lord Soley said.
"We were particularly concerned about the link with animal health. Three quarters of new human infectious diseases start in animals," he added. "We urgently need better surveillance systems to deal with this problem."