A new study has found that a combination of creatine monohydrate (CrM) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in addition to resistance exercise training can help prevent the loss of muscle mass in older adults.
The study led by McMaster researcher Dr. Mark Tarnopolsky professor of paediatrics and medicine; found that this combination proves to be more beneficial in preventing muscle mass loss than just simple exercise.
The research involved 19 men and 20 women who were 65 years or older. The participants took part in a six-month program of regular resistance exercise training.
In randomised double blind trial, some of the participants were given a daily supplement of creatine, a naturally produced compound that supplies energy to muscles and linoleic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid, while others were given a placebo.
The participants took part in the same exercise program, which resulted in improvements of functional ability and strength in all participants.
However, those participants who were taking the combination of CrM and CLA showed even greater gains in muscle endurance, an increase in fat-free mass and a decrease in the percentage of body fat.
"This data confirms that supervised resistance exercise training is safe and effective for increasing strength and function in older adults and that a combination of CrM and CLA can enhance some of the beneficial effects of training over a six month period," Dr.Tarnopolsky said.
The study is to be published PLoS One, journal of the Public Library of Science.